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Mastic Museum


The Chios Mastic Museum is dedicated to the unique product of mastic which is cultivated and produced only in Chios, and to be more exact in the southern part of the island and nowhere else in the world. The museum is located near Pyrgi village, in Mastichochoria area of Southern Chios and it is just another reason to visit the island of Chios. Built on a 12.000 m2  land with part covered with mastic trees, it opened its doors to the public in 2016.

The purpose behind its creation was to demonstrate the history of the mastic tree’s cultivation, harvesting and processing. The permanent exhibition deals with mastic as a unique natural product. The visitor can learn about the mastic tree and its resin, explore the expertise demanded in order to cultivate this unique product and follow the route of the product through time. In order to have a complete experience the visitor can see a real field with mastic trees outside of the museum. The mastic has been inscribed by UNESCO in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2014.

Opening hours:

From March 1st through to October 15th:

Daily (except Tuesdays) 10 am-6 pm.

From October 16th through to February 28th:

Daily (except Tuesdays) 10 am-5 pm.

Closed on: Tuesdays, January 1st, Good Friday (until 12 noon), (Greek Orthodox) Easter Sunday, May 1st, July 22nd (local patronal feast), August 15th, December 25th and 26th.

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The Mastic of Chios


Mastic is a unique product which is produced exclusively in the southern part of Chios in the area of Mastichochoria (Mastic villages) that they are named after mastic.

Historical Evidence

Mastic is the product of the plant “schinos” which grows only in southern Chios and its cultivation is directly connected to the history of the island.

Although its cultivation and commercial use started at least from the Hellenistic period, it was systematized in the 14th century by Jenovese while also the Ottomans later, recognized its value demanding taxes paid in amount of mastic, and offered the island to the mother of sultan because she liked mastic. In modern times was founded the ‘Chios gum mastic growers association’ helping to the flourish of production.

Τhe Production

The production of mastic follows almost the same way from antiquity till today. The period of cultivation starts from July ending in October. Primarily the area around the tree is totally cleaned and covered by a kind of white soil (calcium carbonate powder) which makes collecting and cleaning easier and after comes the “kentima”, horizontal or diagonal cuts on the rind of the tree. From these cuts comes out the liquid resin which will be solidified some days after and offer us big (pittes) or smaller (psilo) pieces of mastic. The last stage of process is the cleaning of mastic from soil and leaves during winter period.

Use and Products

From antiquity mastic was used either as chewing gum or also in cooking and pastry making. In modern times, since 1957 when the first chewing gum factory was established until today there has been a real revolution in the production of mastic products in various sector as:

  • medical/pharmaceutical (action against stomach ulcer, assimilable stitches, toothpaste)
  • aesthetics (cosmetics)
  • pastry making
  • cooking
  • beverages
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  • Mavra Volia (Emporios): a totally unique volcanic black stone beach (30km south of Chios town). Actually, there are two beaches separated by a small mountain. The black pebbles combined with the crystal clear blue waters create and amazing landscape of wild beauty. The beach gets very crowded in summer, especially during the weekends, but thanks to its length, it offers enough space and privacy. The port of Emporios is less than five minutes away from the beach, where there are the necessary restaurants, cafes and rooms to let.
  • Vroulidia: a small beach close to Mavra Volia with very small pebbles and waters of various shades of blue. During summer’s high season, a small kiosk sells coffee and water. There are no umbrellas or beach chairs while there are 53 steps to climb down to the beach… but the spectacular scenery deserves the trouble.
  • Apothika: a beach close to Mesta village with small pebbles. Waters are clean and cold so do choose it on a very hot summer day. At the beach bar on the hill fresh drinks, well-made sandwiches, coffee and drinks will allow you to chill even. Scuba diving and kayak activities are available.
  • Agia Dynami: a gem whose waters could be easily compared with beaches in Seychelles. It is located 36 km south west of Chios town, near the village of Olympoi and it is named after the chapel of Holy Strength that stands by the bay. It is totally different from the other beaches of the island with turquoise waters and white sand. It is an unspoilt natural heaven so, do prepare for a no sun-bed filled space.
  • Agia Fotia (Agia Foteini): famous among the young people as it is close to the city center and coffee bars, meal choices, beach chairs and umbrellas are all a heartbeat away. As well, many hotel units are in Agia Fotia so, in case you do not wish to move much during your summer holidays, book a place there and have the beach next to you at all times of the day and night. It is pebbly so, if walking on sand is a must, do think it twice.
  • Karfas: one of the most famous and crowded sandy beaches of the island with shallow waters, thus ideal for children and family holidays. Hotels, restaurants, coffee places and mini markets are all over the place and the distance to and from the port and the airport is quit short. At its most part, the beach is organized but at the same time allows those who want to lie on their towel to do so.
  • Megas Limnionas: located 9 km south of Chios town. It is a family friendly beach, mainly with pebbles and at various spots sandy too. It is organized, while restaurants, coffee shops and rooms to let are close by.
  • Komi: further south from Chios town and 4 km from the village of Kalamoti. It is a wide beach suitable for beach games and sunbathing. It is the most popular beach of the island in the south, with various taverns, cafes, rooms to let, mini markets and also water sports facilities. During the summer months you can also visit it in the evening for a drink at one of the café-bars facing the sea.
  • Glaroi beach: located 9 km north of the town of Chios on the way to Lagada. A rather picturesque tiny bay with turquoise waters, loved both by locals and tourists. Sun-beds and umbrellas will be waiting for you and so will the beach bar.
  • Managros: the longest beach of Chios -more than 2 kilometers long- located 40km northwestern of Chios, near Volissos village. Pebbles, sand and cold, deep, waters are the perfect combination for travelers wishing to feel far from civilisation, isolated and yet satisfied by nature’s beauty. It is divided in smaller individual beaches, and this is why locals call them with different names like Magemena, Gonia , Rodhonas etc. In Gonia there is a beach bar with umbrellas and beach chairs. In case you prefer a quiet and relaxing place to swim and enjoy the sun, do go to the southeast part of Managros which is not organized.
  • Elinda: another lovely bay, well-protected by the hills that stand on its sides, 5km from Anavatos and 25km from Chios town. This virgin beach, visible from higher up on the road, caps the stunning scenery, naturally “colored” by the pines. The cool waters (in all shades of blue) will amaze you.
  • Makria Ammos: close to Avgonyma village and 20km from Chios town. A long stretch of a white pebbly beach with blue, crystal waters, definitely an ideal destination for those who wish to relax during their vacation. The place offers no tourist facilities.
  • Lithi beach: this is the natural port of Lithi village which lies 25km southwest of Chios. It is an organized sandy beach with very shallow waters, ideal for children and/or beach lovers. Lithi is mostly known for its local fish taverns that offer fresh fish as well as other local dishes. Hotels, room to let and cafes can be found on location. Remember to watch the sunset from this beach as it is a unique experience!
  • Agios Isidoros: a top picturesque location on eastern Chios, near Lagada, thanks to the small white church built on a rocky spot inside the sea which is connected to the rest of the land and the pebbly beach that lies on its right side with a small man-built “passarela”. A newly-founded beach/cocktail bar and sun beds will be waiting for you.
  • Nagos: is a closed bay, with small pebbles and crystal clear water coming from running water springs. It is located 5Km far from Kardamyla village, in the north part of Chios. There is a small chapel built on the top of the hill and combined with the trees near the beach an even more enchanting landscape is created. During summer you can enjoy your lunch in one of the beachfront restaurants which offer a selection of fish and Greek cuisine dishes.
  • Giosonas is a 800m pebbled beach and it is located 6 km from Kardamyla village in the north east of the island. The water is very clear and in all shades of blue. The place is ideal for everyone as there is a beach bar, on the one side, offering umbrellas and beach chairs leaving the other side for those who prefer a quiet day at the beach.
  • Agia Markella is a long grey sandy and pebbled beach with clean and deep water. The beach lies in front of the Monastery of Saint Markella, the patron saint of the island in a distance of 45 km north west of Chios Town. There is a restaurant-cafe on the beach. The feast day of Agia Markella is on July 22 and it is the most important religious celebration of the island with many pilgrims walking from Chios Town to the monastery of Agia Markella, as an oblation to the saint.
  • Lefkathia is one of the most popular beaches and is located between the port of Limnia and Limnos beach, 42 km southwest of Chios town, near Volissos. It is a small closed bay with thick sand and pebbles which lies between two small hills. It has deep, crystal clear water.  There is a beach bar and many rooms to rent in the area.
  • Viri is located in Lilikas, 1,5km way from Komi beach and 20km south of Chios town. The beach is beautiful with small pebbles and crystal clear water. The place is organized with a beach bar.
  • Daskalopetra (Homer’s stone) is in Vrontados, 7 km from Chios town. The area is named after Homer who according to tradition used to teach to the area and it is one of the best known monuments of the island. It is a beach with white pebbles and crystal clear water, next to a picturesque small port. After swimming you can taste some of the local delicacies, especially fish, in one of the various taverns or enjoy your coffee at the cafes of the area.

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10 unique sightseeings to see in Chios island

  1. The Castle of Chios town lies just a few meters from the main port and it was constructed during the medieval years. A walk through its narrow streets will unfold the Ioustiniani Palace, the Kria Vrisi (Cold Fountain), the massive tower known as Kula and will offer you a fascinating tour through the ages.
  2. Kampos is an area of traditional medieval character near downtown Chios. Citrus trees and beautiful stone houses enhance the beauty of the landscape. The Greek Ministry of Culture recently proclaimed it a historical site.
  3. Mavra Volia beach is on the southwestern coast of Chios 5 km from the village of Pyrgi. It is a unique place as the black pebbles and rocks formed from magma erupted from a volcanic eruption in prehistoric era. It is divided in two parts, the black stones or black beach and Foki. It is one of the most famous beaches in Greece and the scenery leaves one speechless. Please remember always when visiting the place, not to remove the black pebbles as it is forbidden.
  4. Pyrgi is the largest village of Chios in the south and an important mastic gum producer, located 25 km from the town of Chios. It is also called the “painted” village due to the fine decoration of the houses: grey and white geometrical shapes carved on the facades of houses, follow patterns of the Italian architecture.
  5. Chios Mastic Museum is a modern thematic museum organized in three units and an outdoor part. Here you may go around the traditional way of mastic cultivation and discover its influence on the everyday life of the area, as well as the evolution of the cooperative spirit in modern times. In its outdoor space you may get in touch with the mastic tree and the natural environment where it grows.
  6. The Cave of Olympoi is an impressive natural attraction about 35 km from Chios town and 5 km from Olympoi village. This Cave is famous for its extraordinary stalactite formations and is estimated to be of nearly 200,000 years. You can also visit the village of Olympoi, which is one of the traditional mastic-producer villages.
  7. Mesta is the best preserved medieval village of Chios with narrow streets and stone houses which are built in a circular way, like a fortress. Do not forget to visit the Church of Taxiarches with its marvelously curved temple.
  8. Volissos is located 38 km north-west of the centre of Chios. It is a lovely village, the “centre” of northern Chios, built amphitheatrically on the slopes of a hill, at the top of which stands the ruined castle of Volissos. Most nearby beaches are magnificent, with crystal clear waters and still untouched by the vulgarity of modernity.
  9. Anavatos or the “Mystras of the Aegean” is an almost deserted village located 16km west of Chios town. It was built atop a hill and its unique architecture constitutes an awe inspiring place.
  10. The Monastery of Nea Moni is a monastery dated back to the 11th century with outstanding mosaics that now form living treasures of the past and it is included in the Unesco World Heritage monuments. It is located in central Chios 15km from town.
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Travelling to Chios



Chios is connected to the ports of Piraeus, Lavrio and Kavala. From Chios you can also visit the nearby islands of Lesvos, Limnos, Samos etc. and the other islands of the Regional Unit of Chios, Oinousses and Psara.


Ferries from Piraeus to Chios run all year round on a daily basis. During summer period there are more available departures for you to choose from.


In case you prefer to travel by airplane there are daily routes from Athens and Thessaloniki with various companies. Due to the direct connection with the airports of Athens and Thessaloniki you can reach Chios from anywhere in the world. The airport of Chios is located 3km from Chios town. The flight time for Athens is 30 minutes and for Thessaloniki approximately 50 minutes.


All year round, there is daily ferry connection between Chios and the port of Cesme, close to Izmir Turkey with Turyol which is one of the top ferry companies in Turkey.

The ferry and airplane schedules change during the year, depending on the season. For more accurate information please do not hesitate to contact our office, Deniz tours, to help you organize your trip.

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